These pipe rollers were designed for pipelines in an environmental remediation project. These rollers can also be used in conjunction with piping on bridges, landfill gas equipment, including oil-water & moisture separators, SVE systems, candlestick flares, blower packages, drainage systems, and many other infrastructure projects. The rollers are fabricated from cast iron, with a carbon steel frame, rods, and nuts. The units are designed for 14″, 18″, and 24″ pipe sizes and 5,000 to 7,200 lb. operating load. The rollers are designed to include 1-1/2″ thick insulation, and the size is selected to include the pipe covering saddle for the insulation. Standard quality control tests were performed prior to shipment. Roller hangers are used for the suspension of pipe from a single rod where axial movement may occur because of expansion or contraction.
This custom-designed insulated pipe support will be used for a high-temperature pipeline at a chemical plant in Canada. This hot shoe was customized without the u-base and modified with an extended length. It will be used to prevent the movement of a 6″ diameter pipe in the axial direction. Axial stops will be welded to the clamp O.D. in the field. The plates are 11-5/8″ O.D. x 48″ in length and fabricated from A36 carbon steel. The insulation is 2″ thick high-density calcium silicate and well-suited for temperatures up to 1200°F. Q.C. inspections and dimensional tests were performed prior to shipping.
PT&P designed and fabricated B-Type variable spring support assemblies for a biofuels plant. The variables will support pipelines that are involved in the process of converting feedstock into low-carbon synthetic crude oil. Primary biofuels are bioethanol and biodiesel. PT&P specializes in manufacturing pipe supports for high temperatures (above 750°F) applications. These variable springs will support loads up to 953 lb., insulated piping up to 1625°F, and with 1.5” upwards movement. A custom-designed 4-bolt riser clamp fabricated from A36 carbon steel for a 3” diameter pipe was also supplied for this order and used at another location in the plant. The rest of the variable spring assemblies utilized custom-designed 2-bolt pipe clamps manufactured from A240 316L stainless steel plate with A 193 GR. B8M CL.1 bolting for high temperatures. Since these variable springs were located outside the firebox and not exposed to high temperatures, they were fabricated from A36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment.
Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment. Biofuels are expected to double their market share by 2027. Biofuels are a subset of the new emerging demand and regulatory shift to renewables being seen in the energy sector. In addition to biofuels, other renewables include energy from solar, wind, hydroelectric, ocean, geothermal, and hydrogen sources. There has been a change in strategy for many refineries accelerated by the downturn due to COVID, to convert traditional fossil fuel refineries to renewables. With expertise and over 45 years of experience, PT&P is well-positioned to serve its customers and emerging players in the renewable energy sector. Piping Technology & Product’s specialty is the design and fabrication of products like furnace springs, constants, customized clamps, and hardware in supporting high-temperature headers and radiant coils within fired heaters.
PT&P supplied “on-time delivery” of two industrial structural steel pipe racks and the accompanying pipe spools that would be attached to storage tanks measuring approximately 120 ft. in diameter and over 85 ft. tall. Pre-Engineered Pipe Racks attached to storage tanks are used in a wide range of industries from Waste Water Treatments plants, Community Water Storage Tanks, to Above Ground Storage Tanks used in Refineries, Natural Gas, and Petrochemical plants.
PT&P leveraged its breadth of manufacturing and engineering capabilities to reduce costs for its client in the deployment of this Pipe Rack. Our focus was to complete as much work as possible in our production facility, where costs are typically far lower than in the field. We made adjustments to the design to aid in-field deployment to minimize total overall costs. This project also leveraged our capabilities with structural steel, pipe spools, TPI, and insulation. We have all of these capabilities in-house, which made it easy to fabricate the complex structures in this project.
Each pipe rack had an overall dimension of 12 ft. wide and 113 ft. tall and was fabricated from carbon steel. Due to the overall length, each frame was shop fabricated in two sections in order to transport each to the job site. Additionally, each frame was provided with lifting lugs designed by PT&P to facilitate both, the transporting of each frame half-section and the subsequent vertical lift of each completed unit. Each pipe rack was fitted with 9 pipe spools ranging in diameter from 2″ to 12″ (6 were insulated pipe spools, 3 non-insulated pipe spools). The pipe material used to fabricate the pipe spools were SA-53, SA-106, and SA-333.
Six of the pipe spools were supplied pre-insulated. At the ends of each section of pipe spool, there were bare sections of pipe where PT&P Field Service would later perform “tie-in welds” in the field.
After completing shop fabrication, the pipe racks were prepared to be transported to the job site location for final assembly before installation by PT&P Field Services. This consisted of bolting the two halves of the pipe rack together and completing the “tie-in welds” at each pipe spool connection. All of the “tie-in welds” were examined and verified by X-ray analysis. After completion of all the “tie-in welds”, PT&P Insulation Department installed insulation in the field on the 6 pipe spools requiring insulation at these connection points.
Each section of pipe spool was supported from the top of the rack by a rigid rod hanger also supplied by PT&P. Rod hanger assemblies are round steel bars normally threaded used to connect other components, such as pipe support hardware, to make a pipe hanger assembly. PT&P’s field service team installed the main pipe rack with seven pipe spools each over 86 ft. long on large storage tanks. The pipe spools were positioned on the pipe rack steel using special U-bolts to “guide” the piping.
U-bolts are u-shaped rods with threaded ends, that fit around a pipe and are attached to a supporting member. These U-bolts were coated in plastic to prevent corrosion between the pipe and U-bolt material. Additionally, Thermal Plastic Isolators (TPI) was also used to prevent corrosion between the pipe rack steel and the pipe spools. TPI can be customized in height, width, length of TPI, hole sizes, hole locations, and special shapes.
Also installed on the Insulated pipe spools were FRP wear pads that rested on the thermoplastic Isolator. FRP is also known as non-metallic wear pads, which are used for corrosion protection for uninsulated piping systems to extend the life of the pipe.
After assembly by PT&P Field Service, each complete unit was lifted vertically into position and bolted to the storage tank at the “tank connection points.” This demonstrates our ability to provide rare expertise in all facets of project management including planning, engineering design, logistics, and job site management.
We have a fully diversified operation that is customizable based on your unique needs. If you just need stock supports and standard items, we can provide them very quickly. Our engineering team can help find the best support(s) for your application. Or our field service team can inspect your pipeline conditions and recommend the best solutions. Our team also regularly completes installations and conducts on-site project management. We are your one-stop-shop for pipe supports, insulated supports, expansion joints, vibration solutions, pipe stress analysis, and more.
Pipe Shields, Inc., a division of PT&P designed pre-insulated pipe supports for a high-temperature pipeline at a petrochemical plant overseas. This style of insulated support is designed to be compact, easy to install and eliminate the need for field welding. The insulation is 5-1/2″ thick utilizing 18 lb. and 28 lb. pcf high-density calcium silicate. The “hot shoes” are fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. They are rated for temperatures from +40°F to +1800°F. Q.C. inspections and dimensional tests were performed before an expedited shipment.
Such insulated supports are used for chilled water, hot water, and steam line applications in industries ranging from pharmaceutical, semiconductor, paper mills, chemical plants, data centers, biofuels, and food processing to name a few. Piping Technology and Products, through its subsidiary, industry leader, and pioneer, Pipe Shields, has supplied to all these markets in the USA and internationally for over 45 years. Most recently, we made a large investment to automate manufacturing in our Houston plant to increase throughput and yield to support our customers’ needs for just-in-time deliveries reducing cash requirements on projects.
PT&P manufactured 266 variable spring supports for a refinery in Texas. The variable spring hangers include chained travel stops for ease of disengagement and reinsertion during plant shutdowns. Variable springs (a type of Compression spring) are used in a wide range of applications (including various Low Carbon Capital projects, CO2 removal units, and Infrastructure improvements) to support the piping system. The variables are fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized to protect against corrosion. The PTP-2 variables were designed for loads up to 13,850 lb. and movements up to 0.1875” upwards. The PTP-4 variables were designed for a maximum load of 15,050 lb. and movements up to 0.8125” upwards. Each spring hanger underwent standard load testing and QC tests. PT&P also provided constant supports for loads that remain uniform throughout the deflection cycle and sway struts for controlling vibration and shock loading while restraining movement due to thermal expansion for this order.
PT&P received a rush order this past week for variable spring supports at 4:41 pm, quite late into the workday; however, this is business as usual, our manufacturing facility in Houston, TX operates 24/7 to support our customers.
In this case, the customer facility, an olefins plant was incurring a significant loss and needed to replace the springs to resume operations as quickly as possible. The seven (7) variable springs were designed, fabricated, and shipped within 2 days. The F-type variable spring support is designed to support piping from below, directly from the foundation, concrete column, or supporting structural pipe rack steel. Adjustment is made by inserting a bar into holes in the load column and turning the load column as a jackscrew. The base plate is bolted to the case and has four holes for fastening.
As global leaders in variable spring manufacturing, we used our adaptive manufacturing processes in which the PT&P pre-fabricated component parts that make up these variables are easily assembled when orders are placed. These variables were fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. They are designed to support loads ranging from 713 lb. to 1668 lb. and movements of 0.148” to 0.133”. Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment. Variable springs are used in mills, refineries, chemical, plastics, polymer, solar, power, biochar, renewables, carbon black, LNG boilers, food, packaging, and wastewater treatment plants to support piping as it goes through its’ range of movement.
Fronek Anchor/Darling, a division of PT&P, designed and manufactured hydraulic snubbers for Geothermal power plants. Historically, these plants are located near tectonic plate boundaries in the Earth’s crust where thermal activity is easily tapped into. This heat energy is transferred into electrical energy through the use of turbines, generators, and heat exchangers. These snubbers are fabricated from stainless steel and include a special paint system suitable for a Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) environment. All the snubbers for this application were a 2-1/2 bore size, capable of operating at loads up to 10,000 lb., and were provided with either 6″ or 12″ of available stroke. The Pin-to-Pin dimensions ranged from approximately 36″ to 54″ Each snubber was tested at its rated capacity to assure acceptable dynamic performance once it is installed in the field.
PT&P manufactured cryogenic pipe saddles for LNG transportation pipelines. These types of insulated supports have been utilized in LNG plants around the world. Insulated supports are also used on cold piping in semiconductor plants or plants that make batteries to eliminate condensation. This particular type of insulated pipe saddle assembly was fabricated with a carbon steel base plate, 304L stainless steel saddle, and an insulation block. The overall size ranges from 25” x 19” x 12-¾” to 29” x 25” x 13-3/8” and designed to isolate the pipe temperature from below the structure. These pipe shoes were manufactured to support pipe sizes ranging in diameter from 36″ to 42″ NPS.
B31.1 Operations and Maintenance
According to ASME B31.1 Chapter VII Par. 140 a program shall be established for the assessment and documentation of the condition of all CPS (Covered Piping Systems) in power plants.
CPS Systems are defined in Chapter 1 Par 100.2, as systems on which condition assessments are to be conducted. This includes the following systems as a minimum.
NPS 4 and larger main steam, hot reheat steam, cold reheat steam, and boiler feedwater piping.
NPS 4 and larger systems that operate above 750°E (400°C or above 1,025 psi (7,100 kPa)
Other systems may be included as CPS by an Operating Company, based on their judgment. Appendix V of the code is titled ‘Recommended Practice for Operation, Maintenance, and Modification of Power Piping Systems’. This addendum is non-mandatory; however many Power Industry operating companies’ insurance carriers are now invoking Appendix V with increasing frequency, and this is affecting the conditions of their agreements with the operating companies.
Piping Technology and Products Inc. (PT&P) has for some time been performing surveys and assessments in accordance with part H of Par. 140, which requires hot and cold walk-down readings and assessment of pipe supports, operated within the creep regime of the pipe. These assessments are helpful in identifying, sagging lines, deformation of supports, and damage caused by upset conditions, and/or incidents, attributable to operational malfunctions, dynamic/thermal or hydraulic events.
PT&P has been performing this service for many power generation companies. Preparation of documentation, retrieval, and compilation of files for a CPS assessment, has just been completed for a major U.S power generation company. Ten large power plants were involved, and the original predominantly high-energy pipe support drawings, all engineered and designed by PT&P, were retrieved from PT&P archives dating back ten years.
We will be happy to answer any of your technical questions about our survey capabilities, as well as any other engineering or field services that your organization may need.
Pre-Insulated pipe supports were designed for high-temperature service at an oil refinery for a client that specializes in the engineering and design of fired heaters, furnaces, pre-heaters, and heat recovery systems. These high-temperature pipe supports were fabricated from carbon steel and designed for pipe sizes ranging in 36” – 42” diameter and are not only used for new construction but also upgrades and revamps. The “hot shoes” were designed with the addition of “Spring Washers” (not shown here) to maintain consistent clamping force when the pipe expands and contracts. The insulation is 3″ thick and comprised of High-density Calcium Silicate (asbestos-free) structural inserts treated with water repellant. Standard quality tests were performed before shipment. Our hot shoes are used extensively in Refineries, Styrene Plants, Hydrogen Plants, LNG Facilities, Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities, and General Building Construction.
These compact spring supports were custom-designed to support large diameter piping at a chemical plant that manufactures ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, propylene oxide, styrene monomer, and other derivatives and gasoline-blending products. They are designed for large loads (13,623 lb. to 24,038 lb.) and a small confined space with limited thermal movement (from 0.2″ to 0.3″). Compact spring supports (or disc springs) minimize excessive loads on sensitive equipment, so these types of spring support the same load as a conventional variable spring but with a smaller “working range” and utilizing 25-50% less space. They are ideal for locating under equipment flanges or other locations where space is limited. The housing is fabricated from A-36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized to protect against corrosion. They have an installed height of 13″ – 15″ and are 21″ in diameter. The “disc springs” are engineered using stainless steel. Each assembly underwent load testing and other NDE prior to shipment.
PT&P custom-designed constant spring support assemblies for heat recovery steam generator at a combined-cycle power plant. These power plants utilize gas turbines, steam turbines, heat exchangers along with other components to make use of “exhaust waste” for a more efficient system. These 200-F Type constants were fabricated from A36 carbon steel and include a hot-dipped galvanized finish. The spring coils are formed from alloy steel and are neoprene coated. They are designed for an operating load for up to 886 lb., and up to 6″ of maximum travel. They are placed beneath the unit being supported and allow for movement in the vertical direction (up or down). The dimensions are 13″ W x 31″ L x 18-1/2″ H. Standard load and travel tests along with a quality control inspection were conducted prior to shipment.
These compact spring supports were custom-designed to support a heat exchanger at an oil refinery. They were designed to support loads up to 12,000 lb. and a movement of 0.039”, with space limitations of 3″ in height. These compact springs are fabricated from carbon steel and utilize engineered Belleville (disc spring) washers. 25% glass-filled (PTFE) slide plates are bonded to the top of the load flange and provide a low coefficient of friction.
PT&P custom-designed constant spring support assemblies for an energy facility in Canada. These 100–E Type (layout B) constants were supplied with an extended hanger rod and fabricated from A36 carbon steel with 5160 alloy steel coil springs. They are designed for an operating load from 2,370 lb. to 9,240 lb., and movements from 1-1/2” to 8-1/4”. The dimensions are 12” W x12” L x 30” H and 14” W x 19” L x 53” H. Load and travel tests along with a quality control inspection were conducted prior to shipment.
Pipe Shields, Inc., a division of PT&P custom-designed insulated pipe supports with rollers for high-temperature pipelines for a Vaporizer located in Malaysia. The “hot shoes” are fabricated from A36 carbon steel and include FireTemp 28 PCF & 18 PCF. The supports are 79” OD x 18” long x 87” high and designed with Hilman rollers for supporting the pipe from below while allowing it to move axially with minimum friction. Quality control inspections were performed before shipping.
PT&P custom-designed U-type constant spring supports for an oil refinery in Texas. Constants can be utilized in refineries within blocks such as hydrogenation units, naphtha desulfurization units, and fluid catalytic crackers. The spring’s frame is manufactured from A36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized to protect against corrosion. For instances where there was axial and lateral movement, 240 Gr. 304 slide plates were installed on the load flanges of the constants. The constants supplied are designed for an operating load ranging from 1,085 lb. up to 17,480 lb. and horizontal travel from 2.5” to 6”. The overall dimensions range in size from 17” H x 20” W x 31” L to 28” H x 26” W x 66” L. Load and travel tests per industry standards were performed prior to shipment.
PT&P has extensive experience involving the custom design and fabrication of hold-down pipe clamps for piping systems and skid mounted units for the power, chemical, and refineries industries throughout the world. These hold-downs are custom designed to limit vibration caused by rotating equipment and avoid damage to the surrounding piping system. They are fabricated from carbon steel with a hot-dipped galvanized coating and include PTFE slide plates to reduce the friction between the pipe and clamp, combined with fabric pads to reduce vibration dampening. The hold-downs are designed for pipelines ranging in 2” to 16” diameter. They range from 3″ wide x 9-1/8″ long to 8″ wide x 25-3/4″ long, and designed for an operating temperature of 200°F. We performed a Q.C. visual inspection prior to shipment. PT&P can custom design and fabricate hold-downs for any pipe size application. In addition to hold-downs, PT&P also offers other types of vibration control devices to accommodate different pipe orientations and locations.
PT&P provided and designed instrument pipe stands in a multi-billion dollar high production liquefied national gas facility. In addition to LNG facilities, these floor mounted fabricated welded instrument stands are also used in a variety of applications including chemical plants and refineries. The units measure 40” wide by 54” high and are fabricated from A36 carbon steel with a hot-dipped galvanized finish fabricated locally in the United States. They are custom-designed with a vertical supporting section divided to yield two supporting sections. Their gusseted base design allows for the units to be either bolted to the foundation using anchor bolts or welded onto structural pipe rack steel. These primary modules can be used independently or together with secondary modules (such as cable mounts, elbow mounts, or u-bolt mounts) in order to display instrument indicators in any position.
|Type:||Custom-Designed Constant Spring Supports|
|Size:||PTP-100 B-Type | 16” x 24” x 30”|
|Material:||A36 Carbon Steel | Hot-dipped Galvanized| Epoxy Coating|
|Design:||Load Range: 2,280 lb. to 7,143 lb. | 2″ Total Travel|
|Testing:||Q.C. Inspection | Load and Travel Tests|
PT&P custom-designed constant spring supports with assembly rods for a manufacturing company. The constants were fabricated from A36 carbon steel, hot-dipped galvanized, and painted with an epoxy coating. The assemblies are designed for an operating load ranging from 2,280 lb. to 7,143 lb. with 2” of total travel. Standard load and travel test and Q.C. inspection were completed prior to shipment to North Carolina.