These hold-down pipe clamp assemblies are specially fabricated and include wedges with 25% glass-filled PTFE to absorb vibration and also serve as a buffer between the steel pipe and pipe support. Vibration can occur in Power, Solar, Biofuels, and Chemical plants because of flow-induced and/or acoustic-induced vibration due to the flow of fluids or gas/steam through the piping system. Similarly, vibration can occur in pipelines near rotating equipment such as reciprocating pumps and compressors resulting in pulsations or mechanical forces that can occur in both onshore or offshore production facilities. Vibration can be strong enough to cause premature failure or cracks resulting in unplanned shutdowns. These units shown in the photograph are custom-designed for pipe sizes up to 20″ in diameter and temperatures up to 200°F and can be adjusted to accommodate a range of heights for the T.O.S to the B.O.P. They are 21″ wide x 26″ long x 23″ high and are proven to greatly reduce vibration to acceptable levels. These hold-down pipe clamps are fabricated utilizing A 36 carbon steel plate and A 307 Gr. All-threaded rods. All components were hot-dipped galvanized and a quality control inspection was performed before shipment.
PT&P provided a cable tray support rack to a groundwater treatment facility in California. Groundwater remediation is a process whereby groundwater is purified by removing pollutants and containments rendering the water useful for crop irrigation and industrial processes. Groundwater remediation techniques can include but are not limited to, oxygen gas injection, dual-phase extraction, membrane separation, carbon absorption, and chemical oxidation. Cable trays, used in this facility, were designed to suspend electrical cables, wiring, and small-bore piping throughout the facility. Cable trays are also used in biochemical plants, solar power plants, sports stadiums, green energy plants, as well as, traditional plants such as petroleum refineries, chemical and coal-fired power plants. As a general rule, cable trays protect and carry cable and wiring from point “A” to “B” inside the facility.
This section of cable tray in the photograph (blue in color) is 25’ long, 7’ wide, and 11’ tall completely assembled. It is fabricated from carbon steel and painted with a highly chemically resistant epoxy mastic designed for immersion conditions to protect against corrosion in marine or industrial conditions. PT&P can fabricate any combination of instrument stands and structural supports from floor mounts, wall mounts to secondary supports, and more. In addition, we have the capabilities to do what few other structural fabricators can do including:
– Complete Engineering designs including FEA (Ansys) and Structural Engineering (STAAD)
– Load Testing
– Incorporation of Contact Corrosion Solutions including TPI (half-round thermoplastic) and FRP
– Incorporation of Vibration Control Solutions
– Ability to fabricate with a wide variety of metals including all grades of Stainless and Nickel Super Alloys
PT&P has worked on and is working on some of the largest water remediation projects in the US where we have supplied expansion joints, variables, fire protection insulated supports, and structural pipe supports. Our ASME shop is large, local to the United States, and includes heavy-duty equipment and specially trained personnel with over 45 years of experience making this division of PT&P ideal for large-scale projects such as this structural support as we can leverage our massive manufacturing scale and expertise.
PT&P custom-designed bird screens for a 3″ diameter pipeline at an LNG facility. Bird screens (or insect screens) are used on an open-ended pipe (i.e. exhaust) where birds or insects can be trapped inside the pipe creating a blockage. Birds such as pigeons and other roosting birds often build nests inside exposed piping and their droppings can carry diseases and even pose potential contamination and health hazards. Bird droppings have even been known to cause damage to sensitive equipment such as valves and gauges not to mention creating safety hazards on ladders, steps, and catwalks. It’s best to incorporate bird screens during the design of the refinery, chemical, power, LNG, or green energy plant and install them during construction. Our bird screens are fabricated from corrosion-resistant 304 stainless steel and can withstand temperatures up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit. They are designed to be easily assembled in the field without requiring a skilled welder or special equipment. PT&P can provide bird screens for any size piping or configuration.
Piping Technology & Products custom-designed constant spring supports for crude oil processing at one of the largest refineries in the world. Petroleum refineries change crude oil into products such as jet fuel, gasoline, polypropylene, polyethylene, propane, sulphur, carbon black feed, and diesel that can be used for transportation, heating, feedstocks for making other chemicals, generating electricity, renewable energy, and paving roads. Piping Technology and Products was awarded this project because we were the only engineering manufacturing firm vendor of constant spring manufacturers in the world that could both design, manufacture, and test these units for the unique design conditions. These constant springs will support loads ranging from 88,185 lb. to 143,300 lb. They are designed for temperatures up to 650°F, and movements of 0.39” up, 4.72” down, -2.36” up, and 0.39” down. The Type-C constants are 67” H x 21” W x 88.25” L and the Type-F constants are 85” H X 39.75” W x 86.56” L. The F-Type springs will include graphite slide plates and are designed to support the piping from below while allowing both lateral and axial movement. All constant assemblies underwent magnetic particle inspection of welds, travel, and compression tests. Additionally, a special “cramp test” was conducted on each spring coil. A “cramp test” is done by compressing the spring coil by a specified length for a specific period of time. This assures the spring’s functionally especially when a large “wire diameter” is used to manufacture the spring coil for these high loads. At Piping Technology and Products and our subsidiaries, we specialize in designing pipe supports, expansion joints, and insulated supports for unique applications involving products not readily available. Our products are used in the CDU (crude distillation units), hydrocracking units, RFCC (residual fluid catalytic cracking), naphtha hydrotreater, and hydrodesulfurization units (also known as alkylation unit), and sulphuric acid regeneration (SAR) units in refineries.
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Fig. 30 Forged Carbon Steel Turnbuckle
Fig. 60 Heavy Two-Bolt Pipe Clamp
Fig. 70 Light Three-Bolt Pipe Clamp
Fig. 80 Heavy Three-Bolt Pipe Clamp
Fig. 90 Riser Clamp
Fig. 100 Long Tangent U-Bolt
Compact spring supports (also known as disc springs) were custom-designed for a chemical plant in the agricultural industry. We design each compact spring for specific applications. Usually, they are used in “tight” spaces where the conventional variable spring is too tall to fit the allowable space between the pipeline and supporting steel structures. In general, compact springs serve the same function as a conventional variable spring, to relieve vibration and stress in the pipeline and associated equipment. The springs supplied here are designed for loads ranging from 5,038 lb. to 15,144 lb. and spring rates from 5,904 lb./in. to 44,455 lb./in. Also, these disc springs were designed for thermal movement ranging from 0.011” to 0.46”. The assemblies are fabricated from 304 stainless steel and include Bronzphite® and stainless steel slide plates to lower the coefficient of friction due to lateral movement. Since there is lateral movement, the conventional variable spring would require “internally guided load columns”, however, these units incorporate a “guiding” feature within the spring’s design. They have an installed height of 10-1/2″ – 26”. Each assembly underwent load testing and other NDE and visual inspection by our QC department before shipment. Applications such as Skid Mounted Process Equipment, Pump and Control Skids, Skid Plants, and other types of Skid Packages where space is extremely limited are ideal applications for Compact Springs.
Special clamped pipe shoes with isolators were supplied for an offshore vessel project. Offshore renewable energy companies are exploring the viability of developing an offshore charging facility for electrified vessels as well as using ammonia-powered or hydrogen-powered fuel cells to power marine vessels. As the world’s only major manufacturer of Expansion Joints and Engineered Pipe Supports, we are uniquely positioned to service a wide range of piping needs. A total of 210 pipe shoes were fabricated from carbon steel for pipe sizes ranging in size from 1″ to 24″ diameter. They are supplied with a hot-dipped galvanized finish for corrosion resistance and range in length from 8″ to 16″ with 4″ from the BOP. These pipe shoes include a dampening isolator in between the pipe and the shoe to reduce vibration and noise. A total of 1,485 supports were supplied for this order. At Piping Technology and Products, we supply products to facilities that are helping to reduce carbon emissions and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
These sway strut assemblies were designed and fabricated for a large LNG liquefaction and export plant. Sway struts are used in a wide range of applications in power plants, chemical and refineries to restrain movement in tension (or X plane) while allowing lateral movement (in the Y and Z plane). These fig. 2100F, size C sway struts are designed with 4” adjustment for loads up to 4,500 lb. The pins are fabricated from a high alloy steel for added strength and the threaded rod ends are carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized. The sway strut body was hot-dipped galvanized after the donut and pipe were welded. The rod ends and end brackets were galvanized a second time for added corrosion resistance after the holes for the IKO bearings and pins are enlarged to fit these component parts. The C-C dimension is 30-11/16” and a quality control inspection involving thread engagement was completed prior to shipment. Piping Technology and Products is a manufacturer of all types of pipe supports to areas all over the world ranging from sports stadiums to geothermal to infrastructure applications. In fact, many of the items you will see on our website were developed for the specific requirements of a customer who could not use the standard designs available in our industry. If you do not find what you need, or if you need technical advice, please contact us.
These pipe rollers were designed for pipelines in an environmental remediation project. These rollers can also be used in conjunction with piping on bridges, landfill gas equipment, including oil-water & moisture separators, SVE systems, candlestick flares, blower packages, drainage systems, and many other infrastructure projects. The rollers are fabricated from cast iron, with a carbon steel frame, rods, and nuts. The units are designed for 14″, 18″, and 24″ pipe sizes and 5,000 to 7,200 lb. operating load. The rollers are designed to include 1-1/2″ thick insulation, and the size is selected to include the pipe covering saddle for the insulation. Standard quality control tests were performed prior to shipment. Roller hangers are used for the suspension of pipe from a single rod where axial movement may occur because of expansion or contraction.
This custom-designed insulated pipe support will be used for a high-temperature pipeline at a chemical plant in Canada. This hot shoe was customized without the u-base and modified with an extended length. It will be used to prevent the movement of a 6″ diameter pipe in the axial direction. Axial stops will be welded to the clamp O.D. in the field. The plates are 11-5/8″ O.D. x 48″ in length and fabricated from A36 carbon steel. The insulation is 2″ thick high-density calcium silicate and well-suited for temperatures up to 1200°F. Q.C. inspections and dimensional tests were performed prior to shipping.
PT&P designed and fabricated B-Type variable spring support assemblies for a biofuels plant. The variables will support pipelines that are involved in the process of converting feedstock into low-carbon synthetic crude oil. Primary biofuels are bioethanol and biodiesel. PT&P specializes in manufacturing pipe supports for high temperatures (above 750°F) applications. These variable springs will support loads up to 953 lb., insulated piping up to 1625°F, and with 1.5” upwards movement. A custom-designed 4-bolt riser clamp fabricated from A36 carbon steel for a 3” diameter pipe was also supplied for this order and used at another location in the plant. The rest of the variable spring assemblies utilized custom-designed 2-bolt pipe clamps manufactured from A240 316L stainless steel plate with A 193 GR. B8M CL.1 bolting for high temperatures. Since these variable springs were located outside the firebox and not exposed to high temperatures, they were fabricated from A36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment.
Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment. Biofuels are expected to double their market share by 2027. Biofuels are a subset of the new emerging demand and regulatory shift to renewables being seen in the energy sector. In addition to biofuels, other renewables include energy from solar, wind, hydroelectric, ocean, geothermal, and hydrogen sources. There has been a change in strategy for many refineries accelerated by the downturn due to COVID, to convert traditional fossil fuel refineries to renewables. With expertise and over 45 years of experience, PT&P is well-positioned to serve its customers and emerging players in the renewable energy sector. Piping Technology & Product’s specialty is the design and fabrication of products like furnace springs, constants, customized clamps, and hardware in supporting high-temperature headers and radiant coils within fired heaters.
PT&P supplied “on-time delivery” of two industrial structural steel pipe racks and the accompanying pipe spools that would be attached to storage tanks measuring approximately 120 ft. in diameter and over 85 ft. tall. Pre-Engineered Pipe Racks attached to storage tanks are used in a wide range of industries from Waste Water Treatments plants, Community Water Storage Tanks, to Above Ground Storage Tanks used in Refineries, Natural Gas, and Petrochemical plants.
PT&P leveraged its breadth of manufacturing and engineering capabilities to reduce costs for its client in the deployment of this Pipe Rack. Our focus was to complete as much work as possible in our production facility, where costs are typically far lower than in the field. We made adjustments to the design to aid in-field deployment to minimize total overall costs. This project also leveraged our capabilities with structural steel, pipe spools, TPI, and insulation. We have all of these capabilities in-house, which made it easy to fabricate the complex structures in this project.
Each pipe rack had an overall dimension of 12 ft. wide and 113 ft. tall and was fabricated from carbon steel. Due to the overall length, each frame was shop fabricated in two sections in order to transport each to the job site. Additionally, each frame was provided with lifting lugs designed by PT&P to facilitate both, the transporting of each frame half-section and the subsequent vertical lift of each completed unit. Each pipe rack was fitted with 9 pipe spools ranging in diameter from 2″ to 12″ (6 were insulated pipe spools, 3 non-insulated pipe spools). The pipe material used to fabricate the pipe spools were SA-53, SA-106, and SA-333.
Six of the pipe spools were supplied pre-insulated. At the ends of each section of pipe spool, there were bare sections of pipe where PT&P Field Service would later perform “tie-in welds” in the field.
After completing shop fabrication, the pipe racks were prepared to be transported to the job site location for final assembly before installation by PT&P Field Services. This consisted of bolting the two halves of the pipe rack together and completing the “tie-in welds” at each pipe spool connection. All of the “tie-in welds” were examined and verified by X-ray analysis. After completion of all the “tie-in welds”, PT&P Insulation Department installed insulation in the field on the 6 pipe spools requiring insulation at these connection points.
Each section of pipe spool was supported from the top of the rack by a rigid rod hanger also supplied by PT&P. Rod hanger assemblies are round steel bars normally threaded used to connect other components, such as pipe support hardware, to make a pipe hanger assembly. PT&P’s field service team installed the main pipe rack with seven pipe spools each over 86 ft. long on large storage tanks. The pipe spools were positioned on the pipe rack steel using special U-bolts to “guide” the piping.
U-bolts are u-shaped rods with threaded ends, that fit around a pipe and are attached to a supporting member. These U-bolts were coated in plastic to prevent corrosion between the pipe and U-bolt material. Additionally, Thermal Plastic Isolators (TPI) was also used to prevent corrosion between the pipe rack steel and the pipe spools. TPI can be customized in height, width, length of TPI, hole sizes, hole locations, and special shapes.
Also installed on the Insulated pipe spools were FRP wear pads that rested on the thermoplastic Isolator. FRP is also known as non-metallic wear pads, which are used for corrosion protection for uninsulated piping systems to extend the life of the pipe.
After assembly by PT&P Field Service, each complete unit was lifted vertically into position and bolted to the storage tank at the “tank connection points.” This demonstrates our ability to provide rare expertise in all facets of project management including planning, engineering design, logistics, and job site management.
We have a fully diversified operation that is customizable based on your unique needs. If you just need stock supports and standard items, we can provide them very quickly. Our engineering team can help find the best support(s) for your application. Or our field service team can inspect your pipeline conditions and recommend the best solutions. Our team also regularly completes installations and conducts on-site project management. We are your one-stop-shop for pipe supports, insulated supports, expansion joints, vibration solutions, pipe stress analysis, and more.
Pipe Shields, Inc., a division of PT&P designed pre-insulated pipe supports for a high-temperature pipeline at a petrochemical plant overseas. This style of insulated support is designed to be compact, easy to install and eliminate the need for field welding. The insulation is 5-1/2″ thick utilizing 18 lb. and 28 lb. pcf high-density calcium silicate. The “hot shoes” are fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. They are rated for temperatures from +40°F to +1800°F. Q.C. inspections and dimensional tests were performed before an expedited shipment.
Such insulated supports are used for chilled water, hot water, and steam line applications in industries ranging from pharmaceutical, semiconductor, paper mills, chemical plants, data centers, biofuels, and food processing to name a few. Piping Technology and Products, through its subsidiary, industry leader, and pioneer, Pipe Shields, has supplied to all these markets in the USA and internationally for over 45 years. Most recently, we made a large investment to automate manufacturing in our Houston plant to increase throughput and yield to support our customers’ needs for just-in-time deliveries reducing cash requirements on projects.
PT&P manufactured 266 variable spring supports for a refinery in Texas. The variable spring hangers include chained travel stops for ease of disengagement and reinsertion during plant shutdowns. Variable springs (a type of Compression spring) are used in a wide range of applications (including various Low Carbon Capital projects, CO2 removal units, and Infrastructure improvements) to support the piping system. The variables are fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized to protect against corrosion. The PTP-2 variables were designed for loads up to 13,850 lb. and movements up to 0.1875” upwards. The PTP-4 variables were designed for a maximum load of 15,050 lb. and movements up to 0.8125” upwards. Each spring hanger underwent standard load testing and QC tests. PT&P also provided constant supports for loads that remain uniform throughout the deflection cycle and sway struts for controlling vibration and shock loading while restraining movement due to thermal expansion for this order.
PT&P received a rush order this past week for variable spring supports at 4:41 pm, quite late into the workday; however, this is business as usual, our manufacturing facility in Houston, TX operates 24/7 to support our customers.
In this case, the customer facility, an olefins plant was incurring a significant loss and needed to replace the springs to resume operations as quickly as possible. The seven (7) variable springs were designed, fabricated, and shipped within 2 days. The F-type variable spring support is designed to support piping from below, directly from the foundation, concrete column, or supporting structural pipe rack steel. Adjustment is made by inserting a bar into holes in the load column and turning the load column as a jackscrew. The base plate is bolted to the case and has four holes for fastening.
As global leaders in variable spring manufacturing, we used our adaptive manufacturing processes in which the PT&P pre-fabricated component parts that make up these variables are easily assembled when orders are placed. These variables were fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. They are designed to support loads ranging from 713 lb. to 1668 lb. and movements of 0.148” to 0.133”. Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment. Variable springs are used in mills, refineries, chemical, plastics, polymer, solar, power, biochar, renewables, carbon black, LNG boilers, food, packaging, and wastewater treatment plants to support piping as it goes through its’ range of movement.
Fronek Anchor/Darling, a division of PT&P, designed and manufactured hydraulic snubbers for Geothermal power plants. Historically, these plants are located near tectonic plate boundaries in the Earth’s crust where thermal activity is easily tapped into. This heat energy is transferred into electrical energy through the use of turbines, generators, and heat exchangers. These snubbers are fabricated from stainless steel and include a special paint system suitable for a Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) environment. All the snubbers for this application were a 2-1/2 bore size, capable of operating at loads up to 10,000 lb., and were provided with either 6″ or 12″ of available stroke. The Pin-to-Pin dimensions ranged from approximately 36″ to 54″ Each snubber was tested at its rated capacity to assure acceptable dynamic performance once it is installed in the field.
PT&P manufactured cryogenic pipe saddles for LNG transportation pipelines. These types of insulated supports have been utilized in LNG plants around the world. Insulated supports are also used on cold piping in semiconductor plants or plants that make batteries to eliminate condensation. This particular type of insulated pipe saddle assembly was fabricated with a carbon steel base plate, 304L stainless steel saddle, and an insulation block. The overall size ranges from 25” x 19” x 12-¾” to 29” x 25” x 13-3/8” and designed to isolate the pipe temperature from below the structure. These pipe shoes were manufactured to support pipe sizes ranging in diameter from 36″ to 42″ NPS.
B31.1 Operations and Maintenance
According to ASME B31.1 Chapter VII Par. 140 a program shall be established for the assessment and documentation of the condition of all CPS (Covered Piping Systems) in power plants.
CPS Systems are defined in Chapter 1 Par 100.2, as systems on which condition assessments are to be conducted. This includes the following systems as a minimum.
NPS 4 and larger main steam, hot reheat steam, cold reheat steam, and boiler feedwater piping.
NPS 4 and larger systems that operate above 750°E (400°C or above 1,025 psi (7,100 kPa)
Other systems may be included as CPS by an Operating Company, based on their judgment. Appendix V of the code is titled ‘Recommended Practice for Operation, Maintenance, and Modification of Power Piping Systems’. This addendum is non-mandatory; however many Power Industry operating companies’ insurance carriers are now invoking Appendix V with increasing frequency, and this is affecting the conditions of their agreements with the operating companies.
Piping Technology and Products Inc. (PT&P) has for some time been performing surveys and assessments in accordance with part H of Par. 140, which requires hot and cold walk-down readings and assessment of pipe supports, operated within the creep regime of the pipe. These assessments are helpful in identifying, sagging lines, deformation of supports, and damage caused by upset conditions, and/or incidents, attributable to operational malfunctions, dynamic/thermal or hydraulic events.
PT&P has been performing this service for many power generation companies. Preparation of documentation, retrieval, and compilation of files for a CPS assessment, has just been completed for a major U.S power generation company. Ten large power plants were involved, and the original predominantly high-energy pipe support drawings, all engineered and designed by PT&P, were retrieved from PT&P archives dating back ten years.
We will be happy to answer any of your technical questions about our survey capabilities, as well as any other engineering or field services that your organization may need.
Pre-Insulated pipe supports were designed for high-temperature service at an oil refinery for a client that specializes in the engineering and design of fired heaters, furnaces, pre-heaters, and heat recovery systems. These high-temperature pipe supports were fabricated from carbon steel and designed for pipe sizes ranging in 36” – 42” diameter and are not only used for new construction but also upgrades and revamps. The “hot shoes” were designed with the addition of “Spring Washers” (not shown here) to maintain consistent clamping force when the pipe expands and contracts. The insulation is 3″ thick and comprised of High-density Calcium Silicate (asbestos-free) structural inserts treated with water repellant. Standard quality tests were performed before shipment. Our hot shoes are used extensively in Refineries, Styrene Plants, Hydrogen Plants, LNG Facilities, Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities, and General Building Construction.
These compact spring supports were custom-designed to support large diameter piping at a chemical plant that manufactures ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, propylene oxide, styrene monomer, and other derivatives and gasoline-blending products. They are designed for large loads (13,623 lb. to 24,038 lb.) and a small confined space with limited thermal movement (from 0.2″ to 0.3″). Compact spring supports (or disc springs) minimize excessive loads on sensitive equipment, so these types of spring support the same load as a conventional variable spring but with a smaller “working range” and utilizing 25-50% less space. They are ideal for locating under equipment flanges or other locations where space is limited. The housing is fabricated from A-36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized to protect against corrosion. They have an installed height of 13″ – 15″ and are 21″ in diameter. The “disc springs” are engineered using stainless steel. Each assembly underwent load testing and other NDE prior to shipment.