43" Angulating Constants for a Power Plant

August 29, 2007
43" Angulating Constants for a Power Plant in Utah
43" Angulating Constants for a Power Plant in Utah

The design of this constant requires that it be connected by pins from the top and from the bottom to allow it to angulate. The constant assemblies are fabricated from A36 carbon steel. The constants measure between 23″ and 43″ in length with a take-off between 29″ and 55″. The load range is 60 lb. to 2,605 lb. and each constant assembly underwent standard load and travel testing.

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U-Type Upthrust Constant Supports

April 25, 2007
U-Type Upthrust Constant Supports
U-Type Upthrust Constant Supports
U-Type Upthrust Constant Supports
U-Type Upthrust Constant Supports

These U-type upthrust constant supports are designed to handle 6″ of total travel and loads of 5,677 lb. and 4,956 lb. The load flange is modified to hold six ball transfer units for each support. The ball transfer units are used to decrease the coefficient of friction to 0.05 compared to using the standard PTFE, 25% glass filled, which is 0.15.

U-Type Upthrust Constant Supports
Ball Transfer Units

Gussets are added under the load flange to maintain a leveled surface and an equal load transfer to all ball transfer units. These custom designed constant supports are manufactured for steam power plant superheaters.

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Upthrust U-Type Constant for an Energy Plant

January 3, 2007
Upthrust U-Type Constant for an Energy Plant
Upthrust U-Type Constant for an Energy Plant

Piping Technology & Products, Inc. Designed and Fabricated a Upthrust U-Type Constant for an Energy Plant in California

– Designed for a constant load of 7,733 lb.
– Travel ability is from 0 to 9 inches of total travel
– The constant’s shipping and installation setup is for downward travel
– The constant spring support has been custom designed to reduce its take-off from 36 7/8″ to 29 1/2″

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Big Ton Springs used in a Chemical Processing Plant

November 1, 2006
Big Ton Springs used in a Chemical Processing Plant
Big Ton Springs used in a Chemical Processing Plant
Big Ton Springs used in a Chemical Processing Plant
Stainless Steel Slideplates on Big Tons

The limiting constraint in designing and fabricating these big ton spring supports was to maintain an overall height less than 15-3/4″ and still allow the load table to travel downward during operation. Whereas a standard PT&P size 2-190 variable springs would have been sufficient to hold the load specified, the coil alone was taller than the space available at site. For this reason, a “big ton” design was implemented which utilized six smaller coils (2-130 size) working in parallel to produce the required load-carrying capability and spring rate.

All of the frame/housing components were made from carbon steel and supplied with an HDG finish. The travel stop rods were made of A-193 Gr. B7 material and were painted red. The slide plates sitting atop the load flange were made of polished A-304 stainless steel.

Both “big ton” assemblies are 30″ wide by 30″ deep by 15-3/4″ tall. Overall spring rate is 3,600 lb/in. and each weighed approximately 1,460 pounds. The installed (cold) load = 14,800 lbs. and the operating (hot) load = 16,075 lbs. Movement from cold to hot = 0.354″ down.

Tested in the load cell to insure proper operation throughout the entire working range of the coils, the “big tons” were then set to the cold (installed) load as specified.

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Constants Designed to Customer's Requirements

October 11, 2006
Constants Designed to Customer's Requirements
Constants Designed to Customer's Requirements

200-U Type Constant-Custom Design
– Designed for 21,269 lb. load
– 26-1/4″ W x 80″ L x 28-1/2″ H
– 10″ upward travel
– 12″ total travel

Constants Designed to Customer's Requirements
200-U Type Constant

200-U Type Constant
– Designed for 18,273 lb. load
– 26-3/8″ W x 66″ L x 23-1/4″ H
– 0.43″ downward & 1.22″ upward travel
– 3″ total travel

Constants Designed to Customer's Requirements
100-G Type Constant

100-G Type Constant
– Load range: 15,226 lb. to 17,210 lb
– 13″ W x 87″ L x 59″ H
– 2.8″ downward travel
– 4″ total travel

Constants Designed to Customer's Requirements
200-U Type Constants

200-U Type Constant-Custom Design
– Load Range: 14,060 lb. to 18,334 lb.
– 27″ W x 84″ L x 24-5/8″ H
– Actual Travel Range: 10″ to 11″ Upward
– Total Travel Range: 12-1/2″ to 13-1/2″

Do you see a need for constant spring supports in your plant? Get pricing today!
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Variable Springs for a Project in Mexico

July 26, 2006
Variable Springs for a Project in Mexico
Variable Springs for a Project in Mexico
Variable Springs for a Project in Mexico
Close Up of G-can

This Type G variable spring was manufactured for a Petrochemical Plant in Mexico. The Type G assembly is formed by welding two standard spring assemblies to the ends of a pair of channels. This type of assembly can accommodate unusually heavy loads, and is especially convenient for avoiding interference in spaces where headroom is limited.

Each spring assembly is loaded per the client’s specification at Piping Technology and Products manufacturing facilities. A travel stop is inserted and strapped in place to maintain the load for the assembly installation. In addition to banding the travel stops, the variables for this project required chained travel stops. The base style (F-Type) variables on this project were also required to have internal guides.

At Piping Technology and Products, Inc. we use PTP-1, PTP-2, PTP-4, PTP-6 and PTP-8 to designate the five standard coil arrangements to increase the working range of travel of variable supports.

Several types of variable supports were made for this particular project. They included Type A, Type B and Type F.

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B-Type Constants for a Power Plant in Kentucky

June 14, 2006
B-Type Constants for a Power Plant in Kentucky
B-Type Constants for a Power Plant in Kentucky
B-Type Constants for a Power Plant in Kentucky
B-Type Constants for a Power Plant in Kentucky

These constants were fabricated from carbon steel hardware and structure. The vertical constants are used to support pipes and other equipment. They range from 4 to 6 feet and weigh between 690 lbs to 2,850 lbs. The constants have a total travel capacity of 7 to 8 . Standard load testing was completed to ensure quality and performance.

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U-Type Constants for an Oil Refinery in Taiwan

May 10, 2006

 

U-Type Constants for an Oil Refinery in Taiwan
U-Type Constants for an Oil Refinery in Taiwan
U-Type Constants for an Oil Refinery in Taiwan
Constants in Assembly

These Figure 200 U-Type horizontal upthrust constants are designed to support piping from below. They are fabricated from carbon steel. These constants were also hot dipped galvanized and then specially painted. In addition, they are able to handle loads of up to 13,600 lbs. Each constant has a capacity of 4 total travel. They range from 55 to 62 long. Load testing and external inspections were completed to ensure the quality of these constants.

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100-B Type Constants

April 12, 2006
100-B Type Constants
100-B Type Constants
100-B Type Constants
Two Constants

These PTP 100-B type constants were fabricated from A36 carbon steel. They are vertical constants designed to suspend from a beam to support pipes. These constants are capable of handling loads of up to 31,000 lbs. and have a total travel capacity of 3. Each measured 25 long, 13 wide, and 71 tall and weighed 1,850 lbs. Standard load and travel testing were completed to ensure the quality and performance of these constants.

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Horizontal Upthrust Constants for a Power Plant

March 8, 2006

 

Horizontal Upthrust Constants for a Power Plant
Horizontal Upthrust Constants for a Power Plant
Horizontal Upthrust Constants for a Power Plant
Multiple Constants During Inspection

The horizontal upthrust constants (Fig. PTP200-U) were fabricated from carbon steel and chrome-moly for a Heat Recovery Steam Generator. The constants range in sizes PTP-200 size 3 to 65 and weigh from 24 lbs to 1,300 lbs. They support loads of 100 lbs to 8,100 lbs. The constants support pipes and equipment subjected to vertical movement due to thermal expansion at locations where transfer of stress to other supports or equipment can be critical. Horizontal upthrust constants are utilized in areas where horizontal travel is unacceptable. Standard testing was completed for performance and quality assurance.

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