Custom All Stainless Steel Variable Spring Supports for a Floating LNG Platform in Singapore

May 30, 2023

Custom All Stainless Steel Variable Spring Supports For A Floating Lng Platform In Singapore

Type: Variable Spring Supports
Material: Alloy 2205 Duplex/SAE 5160H
Design: Operating Load up to 3,597 lbs./Operating Temperatures of -15-200°F
Testing: Standard Load & Travel Tests

PT&P manufactured these custom variable spring supports for a floating LNG platform in Singapore. The spring housings are fabricated with alloy 2205 duplex, and the coil is manufactured from – SAE 5160H to help prevent corrosion due to sea salt. The variables installed heights range from 10-3/4″ to 12-1/16″ and are designed for an operating load of up to 3,597 lbs. Also, load tests were performed at operating temperatures of -15°F, along with liquid penetrant testing of the welds. These variable springs are also designed to suit a highly corrosive environment such as sea salt. They can operate in temperatures ranging from -14 to 200°F without compromising their load-carrying capacity. We offer a full range of pipe supports and expansion joints for offshore applications, including floating platforms for cryogenic systems for offshore LNG transfer, both for ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore. Our team of engineers and field service technicians have assisted in offshore diving examinations to both inspect and recommend solutions to help solve emergency needs.

As the floating LNG market continues to grow at a rate of almost 5% year over year, it is evident the increased demand for clean energy is the driving factor. Piping Technology and Products and its subsidiaries are well-positioned to support the global pivot to renewable and clean energy needs. In the last year alone, we designed and delivered products and services in most associated sectors, including solar, wind, water, geothermal, bioenergy, nuclear, hydrogen & fuel cell sectors worldwide.


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Variable Spring Supports Designed for a Furnace in Trinidad

April 11, 2023

Variable Spring Supports Designed For A Furnace In Trinidad

Type: F-Type Variable Spring Supports (Furnace Springs)
Material: Carbon Steel | Red Oxide Primer
Design: Movement: 1/2 “| Load: 398 lb. | Spring Rate: 84 lb./in.
Testing: Standard Spring Rate & Calibration Tests

PT&P designed and manufactured these F-Type variable spring supports for use in a furnace at a facility in Trinidad. We manufactured these furnace springs for an operating load of 398 lb., a movement up to 1/2″, and a spring rate of 84 lb./in. Customer specifications required a modified “installed height” while maintaining the spring rate, operating load and installation load. In order to accomplish this, PT&P designed, manufactured, and attached, to each spring, a “pedestal” to accomplish the increased installed height. They are fabricated from carbon steel with a red oxide primer coating (instead of a hot dipped galvanized) to protect against corrosion. Our standard hot-dipped galvanizing is not suitable for high temperatures because the zinc used in the galvanizing process can melt and cause damage to surrounding pipes and equipment. We also offer several other coatings for high-temperature applications.

We offer a wide range of modifications to our standard variable springs, from stainless steel units used in Food Processing plants and facilities which operate at Sub-Zero temperatures to units designed for use in high-temperature applications often found in refineries, fertilizer, and chemical plants. Some applications include hydrogen reboilers and radiant coils in gas vent heater systems. Our team of sales, engineering, and manufacturing offers a unique source of experience and knowledge unmatched in our industry.

In a Furnace application, both variable and/or constant spring hangers are utilized to support piping and equipment. In the past year, we have provided constant furnace springs for some of the largest refineries in the Americas. We replaced a 25-year incumbent design with a smaller envelope at a lower cost than any other offering in the market with our newly designed nano-constant. The project requirements were stringent in terms of load deviation requirements of 3% of all catalyst tube springs. We provided over 350 furnace springs in less than six months’ time from our manufacturing facility in Houston, Texas. To expedite the manufacture and shipment of springs, we built a new test machine in order to conduct tests more quickly, as every unit is tested before being shipped to the job site.

If you need assistance or are interested in scheduling a virtual or in-person training specifically on pipe supports and expansion joints for furnace applications, reach out as we are always available 24×7 via our emergency service or just send an email to


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Compact Spring Supports Designed for an Oil Refinery in Minnesota

April 4, 2023

Compact Spring Supports Designed For An Oil Refinery In Minnesota

These compact spring supports were custom designed for an oil refinery in Minnesota. Typically, compact spring supports are used to support large loads but small movements relieving process equipment nozzles from overloading. In this case, the springs are designed to support loads of 5,605 lb., 4,747 lb. and 1,250 lb. and movements of 0.133” and 0.029” upward and 0.199″ downward, respectfully.

Compact spring supports utilize engineered Belleville (disc spring) washers. Since these spring supports contain disc springs, both the support housings and the springs contained in the housings are made from 304 stainless steel. Corrosion resistance is significantly increased by using this combination. Glass coatings can also be applied to both the housing and springs to make the support system virtually impervious. Each assembly underwent load testing prior to shipment.


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Constant Assemblies Custom-Designed for Hot Service at a Leading Plastic Manufacturing Plant in North Carolina

February 28, 2023

Constant Assemblies Custom-Designed For Hot Service At A Leading Plastic Manufacturing Plant In North Carolina

Type: Custom-Designed Constant Spring Supports
Size: PTP-100 B-Type | 16” x 24” x 30”
Material: A36 Carbon Steel | Hot-dipped Galvanized| Epoxy Coating
Design: Load Range: 2,280 lb. to 7,143 lb. | 2″ Total Travel
Testing: Q.C. Inspection | Load and Travel Tests

PT&P custom-designed Constant Spring Support with travel stop adjustment rods for a manufacturing company. We “re-created” the design of constants sold years ago by our now sister company, Fronek Anchor/Darling. The constants needed to fit the “envelope” or space of the original constants sold to this client for an application in an existing plant. The constants were fabricated from A36 carbon steel, hot-dipped galvanized, and painted with an epoxy coating. The assemblies are designed for an operating load ranging from 2,280 lb. to 7,143 lb. with 2″ of total travel. Standard load and travel test and Q.C. inspections were completed prior to shipment to North Carolina.

We have a great deal of experience manufacturing constant spring supports similar to that of existing constants if needed to fit existing space limitations. We can also refurbish constants manufactured by competitors if the units are repairable. So whether the constants are for large duct systems in power and refining plants or focused around renewable, carbon-neutral plants, we can assist our clients to find a cost-effective solution.


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Variable Springs with Clevis Hangers for an Ethylene Cracker Plant

January 31, 2023

B-Type Variable Spring Supports With Clevis Hangers For An Ethylene Cracker Plant In Texas

Type: Variable Spring Supports with Clevis Hangers
Material: A36 Carbon Steel | 304 Stainless Steel
Design: 800°F | 619 lb. Ld. | 0.5″ Up Travel
Testing: Load and Travel Tests

Piping Technology & Products designed these B-Type variable spring supports with clevis hangers for an ethylene cracker plant in Texas. Interestingly enough, we recently supplied over 50,000 supports to one of the largest ethane cracker polymer plants in the US, which was completed last year. In addition to variables, we supplied slide bearing plates, hot and cold insulated shoes/supports, snubbers/sway braces/sway struts, pipe hanger hardware, expansion joints metal bellows, rectangular & circular spacers, davit arms, welded pipe shoes, rod hanger assembly, and wear Pads

On this client order, the variable spring supports, threaded rods, and hex nuts were fabricated from A36 carbon steel, and the clevis hangers from 304 stainless steel. The assemblies are 83-1/8″ in length, and the spring size is 6-80-B. They are designed for an operating temperature of 800°F, an operating load of 619 lb, and 0.5″ of movement. Standard load and travel tests were performed prior to shipment.


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B Type & C Type Constants for an Oil Refinery in Louisiana

January 3, 2023

B Type &Amp; C Type Constants For An Oil Refinery In Louisiana

Type: B-Type & C-Type Constant Spring Supports
Size: 12″ x 18″ x 20″ to 12″ x 12″ x 32″
Material: A36 Carbon Steel | Hot-dipped Galvanized
Design: Operating Load Range: 475 lb. to 1,250 lb.
Movement of 2-1/4″ to 5″
Testing: Q.C. Inspection | Load and Travel Tests

PT&P fabricated multiple B-Type and C-Type constant spring supports for an oil refinery in Louisiana. The constants are fabricated from A36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized. The dimensions range from 12” x 18” x 20” to 12” x 12” x 32”. The operating load range is 475 lb. to 1,250 lb. with movement of 2-1/4” to 5”. Standard load testing was completed to ensure quality and performance.


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Furnace Applications – Spring Supports, Expansion Joints & Furnace Seal Bags

December 6, 2022

Ptp Furnace Application Products

An industrial furnace, also known as a direct heater or a direct-fired heater, is a device used to provide heat for an industrial process. Furnace designs vary as to their function, heating duty, type of fuel, and method of introducing combustion air. Heat is generated by an industrial furnace by mixing fuel with air or oxygen, or from electrical energy. The residual heat will exit the furnace as flue gas. Types of industrial furnaces include batch ovens, vacuum furnaces, and solar furnaces. Industrial furnaces are used in applications such as chemical reactions, cremation, oil refining, glasswork, metallurgy, mechanical engineering, chemicals, ceramic, and building materials. Industrial furnaces using fossil fuels are characterized by heat losses from flue gases with a temperature of 500°C and above.

PT&P supplies many products that are well-suited for furnace applications. The first category we’ll take a look at is Engineered Spring Supports. We size furnace springs the same way as we would for a conventional variable or constant spring support. Construction may include a welded design instead of bolted and custom nameplates with the test data and ID tag. Most furnace spring supports are coated with red oxide primer to avoid potential hazards when exposed to high temperatures.

Ptp Furnace Application Variables In Service Combined

PT&P specially designed and fabricated hundreds of altered Type A Variable Spring Hangers in order to accommodate the special travel and spring rate needed to support the furnace tubes of a hydrogen reformer in Venezuela. In order to accommodate customer-specified travel and spring rate, modified spring coils were required. With a travel of 8-7/8″, the variable spring hanger casing lengths were increased from the standard size of 32″ to over 6′ long. The calculated spring rate is 79 lb/sq in for an operating load of 2,804 lb. and an installed load of 3,505 lb. The housings are coated with heat-resistant paint, which protects the spring coils from corrosion and high temperatures in the furnace area.

Expansion Joints are not installed inside furnaces due to the extremely high temperatures of the environment and the piping system. Expansion joints will typically be found on the duct work and in the piping coming in and out of the furnace. In the last six months, we have shipped over 40% of our expansion joint jobs in less than 2 weeks to meet customer project deliverables.
Fabric Expansion Joint Application

Fabric Expansion Joints that are in-service near furnaces, typically include a 3-layer belt consisting of Silicone, Fiberglass, PTFE, and Mineral Wool Insulation. The configurations are either round, rectangular or square as seen in the examples below.

Ptp Furnace Application Products

Furnace Bags are used to seal high-temperature tubes that penetrate the furnace floor. The furnace bag consists of multiple layers of flexible, flame and heat resistant, impervious fabric designed to operate from start-up to high-temperature design conditions. The bag will expand and contract with the varying furnace temperatures.

Furnace Bag

Stainless steel clamps or band straps connect one end of the pipe that goes through the penetration opening and the other to another sleeve in the furnace floor. A tapered steel coil is installed around the conduit inside the bag to prevent the fabric from collapsing inward during vacuum conditions. PT&P’s standard furnace seal bag is nickel reinforced, with a special coating that reduces airborne fibers and increases tensile strength.


Furnace Application Diagram


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Constant Spring Supports with Stainless Steel & Graphite Slide Plates

November 13, 2022

U-Type Constant Spring Supports In Texas

Type: Constant Spring Supports
Size: 35-7/16″ Height & 75-3/4″ Length
Material: A36 Carbon Steel with HDG | 304 Stainless Steel
Design: 9″ Total Travel at 979°F | Operating Load 6,183 lb.
Testing: Hydro tested at 6,744 lb.

These 200 U-Type constant spring supports with slide plates were designed by PT&P for a plant in Texas. They are fabricated from A36 carbon steel with an HDG finish and are typically designed for vertical movement only. However, when there is lateral or axial movement in the piping system, slide plates can be used in conjunction with these constants. In this instance, graphite slide plates are bolted to the constant’s load flange and used with an upper slide plate manufactured from 304 stainless steel with a mirror finish. The upper slide plate can be welded to the base of a pipe shoe, trunnion, or the saddle of a pressure vessel. Each of the constant spring dimensions are 35-7/16″ in height and 75-3/4″ in length. They are designed for a piping system with 9″ of total travel at 979°F and an operating load of 6,183 lb. Each of these units were load tested to meet the hydro test load of 6,744 lb. before shipment.

Products such as these are used in many different kinds of plants all over the world including refineries, renewable diesel plants, chemical plants for operations such as propane/propylene splitter units, and power plants. We have the ability to custom design and manufacture constants for specific loads and various environmental conditions. A point to note, we provided similar constant spring supports supporting loads over 150,000 lb. for crude oil processing at one of the largest refineries in the world just last year (view this project). Petroleum refineries change crude oil into products such as jet fuel, gasoline, polypropylene, polyethylene, propane, sulfur, carbon black feed, and diesel that can be used for transportation, heating, feedstocks for making other chemicals, generating electricity, renewable energy, and paving roads. Constants use a spring coil (or series of coils) to accommodate pipe movement from the initial (installed) condition to the final (operating) condition of the piping system. For all constant spring supports there is no difference in load and the supported load will remain uniform throughout the deflection cycle. Learn more about constant spring supports



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B-Type Variable Spring Hangers for an overseas LNG Facility

November 1, 2022

B-Type Variable Spring Hangers For An Lng Facility In Texas

Type: B-Type Variable Spring Support Assemblies
Size: 13″ to 120″ range pipe elevation
Design: Operating Loads: 9,320 lb. to 28,2000 lb.
Spring Rates 4,700 lb./in. & 5,320 lb./in
Material: | Hot-dipped Galvanized Carbon Steel
Testing: Load & Travel Test |  Q.C. Inspection

These variables were supplied to an overseas LNG facility where accessibility is limited due to the remote location in the facility as well as the plant itself. Products shipped must be very dependable and long-lasting because of the difficulty of shipping to this location. Variables use coiled springs to support a load and allow movement. The resistance of the coil to a load change during compression, which is why these devices are called “variables”. We offer a variety of different designs of variable spring pipe supports. PT&P with its long-standing history and experience has set up optimized manufacturing to offer an unparalleled set of customization options with minimal impact on delivery timeframes to support JIT deliveries and help manage cash flows on such large capital-intensive projects. In addition to our standard (hot-dipped galvanized, neoprene coated spring coils) variable spring supports, we can customize our springs to accommodate special materials, finish, dimension, load, load adjustment, travel, and travel stops, as well as provide sensors for remote monitoring.

Given the shift in global LNG production due to volatile political situations outside the US, the US has become the largest exporter of LNG this year globally. US LNG exports will continue to grow because of increased LNG export capacity, increased international natural gas and LNG prices, and increased global demand, especially in Europe.

During the initial build out in LNG globally in the late 1990s/early 2000s, PTP provided the platform to its customers and their clients for extensive innovation concerning all phases of development concerning pipe supports for LNG plants and terminals starting with product design, testing, material, and climate considerations. As the “thought leaders” in product design, we helped develop and produce the now most commonly used cryogenic supports utilizing G-10 insulation. As LNG capital projects return to the US, you can count on PTP to provide an unparalleled track record and expertise to move your LNG projects along safely in a timely cost-effective manner to meet world energy needs.


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Constant Spring Supports for Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSG)

October 4, 2022

Custom Constant Spring Supports For Heat Recovery Steam Generators

PT&P custom-designed constant spring support assemblies for a heat recovery steam generator at a combined-cycle power plant. These power plants utilize gas turbines, steam turbines, heat exchangers along with other components to make use of “exhaust waste” for a more efficient system. These 200-F Type constants were fabricated from A36 carbon steel and include a hot-dipped galvanized finish. The spring coils are formed from alloy steel and are neoprene coated. They are designed for an operating load of up to 886 lb., and up to 6″ of maximum travel. They are designed to be placed beneath the unit being supported and allow for movement in the vertical direction (up or down). The dimensions are 13″ W x 31″ L x 18-1/2″ H. Standard load and travel tests along with a quality control inspection were conducted prior to shipment. Since the mid-1970s, we have been working with power plants and have deep expertise in the evolution of power plant design over the last 40+ years, including the impact that it has had on Pipe Stress Engineering requirements. We have supplied products and services for a wide variety of power plants including Coal, Natural Gas, Biomass, Solar, Wind, Geothermal, Nuclear, and Hydroelectric. As the only major Global Provider of Expansion Joints, Engineered Pipe Supports, and Pipe Stress Engineering, we have the ability to provide unique solutions and solve the most challenging scenarios that may arise.


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