Variable Spring Supports for a Major Pipeline Expansion Project

February 1, 2022

Ptp variable spring 182218

PT&P supplied F-type variable spring supports for pipeline 1150km long carrying various kinds of crude and refined products including gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The expansion tripled the capacity of the current line allowing for it to carry 85% of what is transported through British Columbia increasing oil tanker capacity at the terminal seven times.

The spring supports are designed for small movements and operating loads ranging from 15,679 lb. to 19,688 lb. The housing is fabricated from A-36 carbon steel, hot-dipped galvanized, and then painted with 3 different coats (primer, intermediate, and topcoat) of paint to protect against the harsh Canadian winters while providing long term protection against corrosion. These variables will include PTFE, 25% glass filled, slide plates welded to the top of the load flange to allow for translational movement. Each spring is load tested and then preset to the specified installed load and inspected for quality assurance before shipment.

Why PT&P?
For this particular project, the PT&P team worked with the client through the client’s six-month bidding process on the project. Our unique combination of experience, engineering expertise, and production knowledge enabled customers to secure the project. PTP addressed coating considerations, technical queries, and met the demanding delivery needs of the project. PT&P’s turnaround time from PO receipt to the material on-site was 10 weeks.

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F-Type Vertical Constant Spring Supports for a 9,000 lb. Load

October 26, 2021

 

Ptp constant spring supports 83774 r2

PT&P manufactured compact spring supports designed for loads up to 9,000 lb. Constants are used in Geothermal, Coker units, HRSG units, and other facilities where there is substantial thermal growth in the piping. Green energy (popular to offset carbon emissions) applications such as solar, wind, and hydro also utilize constants. The figure 100 type-F constant spring supports are designed to support piping from below using a sway strut because horizontal space was not available in the system. This vertical constant spring support was the first of its kind designed and manufactured by PT&P for the largest power providers in the South using a diverse fuel and energy supply of coal, nuclear, oil, gas, hydro, and some renewable energy. The base plate is bolted directly to the top of the steel or floor and the sway strut assembly is attached to the arm (cam) of the constant. With the constant bolted in position below the piping and the sway strut assembly attached via a pipe clamp above, when the pipe goes through its upward vertical movement, the constant maintains an equal and opposite force on the piping. If there is also horizontal movement (axial or lateral) in the piping, this type of constant is well suited because of the slight “arch” in the travel path of the internal cam. The constant in the first picture maintains a constant load of 7,000 lb. while the constant in the second picture maintains a load of 9,000 lb. on the pipe throughout its 4” of total travel. They are 36” high with two gussets at the base plate for added strength encountered under hydrotest loading. They are fabricated from A36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. Standard load and travel testing were performed on both constants to ensure proper field operation. Piping Technology is a leader in the design, engineering, and manufacturing of pipe supports and our products have been in service for over 40 years.

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Compact Spring Supports Designed for an Oil Refinery

October 19, 2021

Compact Spring Supports Designed for 9k Load at an Oil Refinery

Type: Compact Spring Supports
Material: Carbon Steel w/ Hot-Dipped Galvanized (HDG)
Design: 9,000 lb. Load | +/-0.125″ Vertical Movement
Testing: Load Testing

PT&P custom-designed 76 compact spring supports or “disc spring” supports for a major oil refinery. This type of spring supports is ideal for locating under equipment flanges to limit excessive loads on sensitive equipment. PT&P has supplied custom compact springs for over a decade as the industry leader in plants all over the world. Compact springs are used for small travel systems to prevent equipment failures, assure safe plant operations, and reduce operational costs. Such springs can support loads equal loads to conventional springs while using 50% less space. If not addressed, pipe strain can cause misalignment, thermal expansion, and pipe-lift off resulting in strain on expensive equipment. For example in a typical refinery, upwards of $15M a year is spent on pump repair alone due to pipe strain issues. Compact springs are used in systems to support Centrifugal pumps and compressors, air-cooled heat exchangers, vessels, and steam turbines while addressing regulatory codes for API, ASME, UBC, and government compliance for organizations such as OSHA, EPA, WISHA, etc.

The springs are stainless steel Belleville washers and the housing is fabricated from A-36 carbon steel with a hot-dipped galvanized finish to protect against corrosion. The assemblies are 3″ high, designed to support a 9,000 load and movement of +/-.125″ (upward). Each assembly underwent load testing before shipment. Compact springs are specifically designed to minimize excessive loads on process equipment by managing nozzle loads and the flange seal and can be installed directly under the equipment. Another benefit of compact springs is to address corrosive environments (saltwater, marine air, or chemicals) by manufacturing them with metals like stainless steel and/or using amorphous glass coatings making them impervious to corrosion.

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Variable Supports Fabricated in 48 hours for an Emergency Plant Shutdown

April 13, 2021

Variable Spring Supports Fabricated in less than 48 hours for an Emergency Plant Shutdown Overseas in the Asia-Pacific Region

PT&P received a rush order this past week for variable spring supports at 4:41 pm, quite late into the workday; however, this is business as usual, our manufacturing facility in Houston, TX operates 24/7 to support our customers.

In this case, the customer facility, an olefins plant was incurring a significant loss and needed to replace the springs to resume operations as quickly as possible. The seven (7) variable springs were designed, fabricated, and shipped within 2 days. The F-type variable spring support is designed to support piping from below, directly from the foundation, concrete column, or supporting structural pipe rack steel. Adjustment is made by inserting a bar into holes in the load column and turning the load column as a jackscrew. The base plate is bolted to the case and has four holes for fastening.

As global leaders in variable spring manufacturing, we used our adaptive manufacturing processes in which the PT&P pre-fabricated component parts that make up these variables are easily assembled when orders are placed. These variables were fabricated from carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized for corrosion protection. They are designed to support loads ranging from 713 lb. to 1668 lb. and movements of 0.148” to 0.133”. Load and travel tests, along with Q.C. inspections were performed before shipment. Variable springs are used in mills, refineries, chemical, plastics, polymer, solar, power, biochar, renewables, carbon black, LNG boilers, food, packaging, and wastewater treatment plants to support piping as it goes through its’ range of movement.

Variable rush job 183959b Variable rush job 183959c

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ASME Defines Inspection Criteria for High Energy Piping

February 23, 2021

B31.1 Operations and Maintenance

According to ASME B31.1 Chapter VII Par. 140 a program shall be established for the assessment and documentation of the condition of all CPS (Covered Piping Systems) in power plants.

CPS Systems are defined in Chapter 1 Par 100.2, as systems on which condition assessments are to be conducted. This includes the following systems as a minimum.

NPS 4 and larger main steam, hot reheat steam, cold reheat steam, and boiler feedwater piping.

NPS 4 and larger systems that operate above 750°E (400°C or above 1,025 psi (7,100 kPa)

 

Other systems may be included as CPS by an Operating Company, based on their judgment. Appendix V of the code is titled ‘Recommended Practice for Operation, Maintenance, and Modification of Power Piping Systems’. This addendum is non-mandatory; however many  Power Industry operating companies’ insurance carriers are now invoking Appendix V with increasing frequency, and this is affecting the conditions of their agreements with the operating companies.

Piping Technology and Products Inc. (PT&P) has for some time been performing surveys and assessments in accordance with part H of Par. 140, which requires hot and cold walk-down readings and assessment of pipe supports, operated within the creep regime of the pipe.  These assessments are helpful in identifying, sagging lines, deformation of supports, and damage caused by upset conditions, and/or incidents, attributable to operational malfunctions, dynamic/thermal or hydraulic events.

PT&P has been performing this service for many power generation companies. Preparation of documentation, retrieval, and compilation of files for a CPS assessment, has just been completed for a major U.S power generation company. Ten large power plants were involved, and the original predominantly high-energy pipe support drawings, all engineered and designed by PT&P, were retrieved from PT&P archives dating back ten years.

We will be happy to answer any of your technical questions about our survey capabilities, as well as any other engineering or field services that your organization may need.

If you need assistance, we are available 24×7 for emergencies or reach our field service team directly.

 

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Compact Spring Supports Designed for a Heat Exchanger at a Large Oil Refinery

November 17, 2020

Compact Spring Supports Designed for a Heat Exchanger at a Large Oil Refinery

These compact spring supports were custom-designed to support a heat exchanger at an oil refinery. They were designed to support loads up to 12,000 lb. and a movement of 0.039”, with space limitations of 3″ in height. These compact springs are fabricated from carbon steel and utilize engineered Belleville (disc spring) washers. 25% glass-filled (PTFE) slide plates are bonded to the top of the load flange and provide a low coefficient of friction.

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Constant Spring Supports for a Leading Energy Transportation and Midstream Service Provider

October 27, 2020

Constant Spring Supports Custom-Designed for a Leading Energy Transportation and Midstream Service Provider

PT&P custom-designed constant spring support assemblies for an energy facility in Canada. These 100–E Type (layout B) constants were supplied with an extended hanger rod and fabricated from A36 carbon steel with 5160 alloy steel coil springs. They are designed for an operating load from 2,370 lb. to 9,240 lb., and movements from 1-1/2” to 8-1/4”. The dimensions are 12” W x12” L x 30” H and 14” W x 19” L x 53” H. Load and travel tests along with a quality control inspection were conducted prior to shipment.

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U-Type Constant Spring Supports with Stainless Steel Slide Plates

September 30, 2020

 U-Type Constant Spring Supports with Stainless Steel Slide Plates

PT&P custom-designed U-type constant spring supports for an oil refinery in Texas. Constants can be utilized in refineries within blocks such as hydrogenation units, naphtha desulfurization units, and fluid catalytic crackers. The spring’s frame is manufactured from A36 carbon steel and hot-dipped galvanized to protect against corrosion. For instances where there was axial and lateral movement, 240 Gr. 304 slide plates were installed on the load flanges of the constants. The constants supplied are designed for an operating load ranging from 1,085 lb. up to 17,480 lb. and horizontal travel from 2.5” to 6”. The overall dimensions range in size from 17” H x 20” W x 31” L to 28” H x 26” W x 66” L. Load and travel tests per industry standards were performed prior to shipment.

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PT&P Designed and Fabricated Variable Springs for a Refinery in Texas City

July 20, 2020

PT&P Designed and Fabricated Hanger and Base-Type Variable Springs, Constant Spring Supports, and Sway Struts for a Refinery in Texas City

Type: G-Type Variable Spring Support Assemblies
Design: Operating Loads from 3000 lb. to 4000 lb.
Movement of 1”
Material: Carbon Steel
Testing: Load & Travel Test |  Q.C. Inspection

Pictured here is a Type G variable spring hanger assembly designed for an operating load up to 4000 lb. and 1” movement. This type of support assembly is formed by welding two standard spring assemblies to the ends of a pair of channels. The Type G assembly is especially adaptable for avoiding interference in spaces where the headroom is limited. The assemblies are fabricated from carbon steel and underwent spring load tests before shipment.

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Constant Spring Supports Designed for LNG Service in Louisiana

July 7, 2020

Constant Spring Supports Designed for LNG Service in Louisiana

Type: B-Type Constant Spring Supports
Size: 11-5/8 W x 41” L x 19” H to 21” W x 88” L x 38” H
Material: A36 Carbon Steel | Hot-dipped Galvanized
Design: Operating Load Range: 3,170 lb. to 48,400 lb.
Movement of 3” to 8”
Testing: Q.C. Inspection | Load and Travel Tests

PT&P manufactured B-type constant spring supports for LNG service in Louisiana. These constants are fabricated from A36 carbon steel with alloy steel 5160 spring coils. The constants are designed for an operating load range of 3,170 lb. to 48,400 lb., and movements from 3” to 8”. They range in size from 11-5/8 W x 41” L x 19” H to 21” W x 88” L x 38” H. To avoid delivery delay, a standard frame was paired with an oversized coil and coil housing. The lugs were rotated 90 degrees from the standard to allow the hanger to swing beyond +/- 4” of side-to-side swing. Standard load and travel tests were performed prior to shipment.

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