Within a two-week span, PT&P designed and fabricated eight Stainless Steel, grade-304, types B & E Constants for a marine plant. These constants have a travel of 1 1/2 – 5″ and are specified to carry 50 – 1540 lbs load. Stainless steel was requested due to the corrosive nature of the environment. PT&P also manufactured nine Carbon Steel types B & E Constants for this project.
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Piping Technology & Products, Inc. designed and manufactured 85 support assemblies for a power generation facility in Georgia. These assemblies consisted of Variable and Constant Assemblies and structures made with carbon steel and alloy material. The variable spring hanger assemblies have standard three-bolt clamps and lug attachments for the existing pipes. These variable spring hangers accommodate operating loads varying from 8,000 to 18,000 lb. and 1-1/2 ” of upward travel. PT&P also manufactured a Fig.43 (heavy duty yoke u-bolt) for a 14″ diameter pipe. Components of the Fig. 43 include yoke, U-bolt, shield, and lug. The structure (beam, plate, angle, and tube steel) was painted green as per the customer’s specifications.
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Piping Technology & Products, Inc. designed and manufactured sixty nine Upthrust Constants for a construction site in Chad, Africa. They range in constant size from 31-61 and are composed of A36 carbon steel. The applicable loads and travel for these constants are from 1,700 lbs.-17,000 lbs. and 3”-8”, respectively. The installed height for this job was much higher than our standard constants, so we had to customize them. By extending the height of our standard constant with an additional angle we were able to meet the installed height.
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Piping Technology & Products, Inc. designed and manufactured several variable assemblies with pre-insulated pipe clamps for a chemical company in Texas. These assemblies are constructed of galvanized carbon steel hangers and hardware with Marinite® insulation. The fabricated clamps range in size from 10″ to 30″, insulation thickness of 1″ to 8″ and with spring hanger sizes 80-180 standard, double, and triple variable spring hangers.
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Piping Technology & Products, Inc. recently designed and manufactured 200 U-Type upthrust constants for a geothermal plant in Hawaii. The constant pictured on the left has frame dimensions of W 40″ x H 75″ x L 142″, a constant load of 9,888 lb. to 10,239 lb. and a design travel of 46″. It also utilizes rollers and PTFE, 25% glass filled slide plates to reduce the friction resulting from axial movements. All the constants in this project are composed of A36 carbon steel. Standard load testing and travel testing were conducted prior to shipment.
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The three pictures above show materials being crated for shipment overseas. At the top center are pallets of variable springs designed for 10” of movement and 1000 pound load. This unusual combination of requirements is satisfied by an unusually long coil. This project required 700 of these variables. At the bottom center are constant supports designed for 14” of movement with loads near 2000 pounds. This large movement, unusual for this load, requires the large arc seen in the frame of the constant body. Two hundred of these constants were required. These spring supports are painted with a shop prime.
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The disc-spring arrestors provide resistance by utilizing disc springs (sometimes referred to as Belleville® washers) stacked in a series within the assembly housing to produce a specific spring rate. By utilizing large (over 8 diameter) disc springs, very high spring rates may be obtained. The arrestors are capable of operating in both tension and compression.
The housing, end bracket, and extension pieces of the spring arrestor are made form A-36 carbon steel. The disc springs are made from ASTM A-1075 spring steel. One clamp (for design temp. of 688 degrees F.) was made from carbon steel and two clamps (for design temp. of 1054 degrees F.) were fabricated from A-387 GR.22 Chrome-Moly steel.
The diameter of each disc spring was 9 with a thickness of 1. The overall pin-to-pin dimension for the assemblies varied with a minimum of 35 and a maximum length of 57. The maximum length that can be accommodated is 120. The clamps were made for 18 and 30 diameter pipes.
The shock arrestor will see a maximum operating load of 43,000 lbs. The spring rate of each arrestor was designed at 40,000 lb./in. The spring arrestors are designed for a maximum displacement of 2. The arrestors were tested to verify spring rate and to confirm the operation of the pipe hanger assembly.
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The constants are made from A36 carbon steel and range in height from 4′-0 to 5′-0 and C-C dimension of 7′-0 to 8′-4. They have a load capacity of 12,000 lbs. to 18,500 lbs. and a 4-5 travel capacity. Load setting and travel testing was conducted on the constants to ensure they met the customer’s requirements.
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Piping Technology & Products designed and manufactured these variable springs with permanent adjustment travel stops for a refinery in Texas.
These types of travel stops are used to allow ease of installation, provide a means for field load adjustment within the working range of the spring, and allow the springs to be “locked” easily whenever they are taken out of service for shutdowns or refurbishment of the system.
For this requisition, a total of 23 variable springs with adjustable travel stops were fabricated. The springs are made from carbon steel and the adjustment rods are made from A-325 high strength bolt material. The springs ranged in size from PTP-1-60-F to PTP-2-180-F size spring. The largest springs were set for an operating load of 12,900 lbs. and a hydrotest load of 14,000 lbs. and a maximum travel of ½. All of the springs were tested in the load cell to insure proper operation. Per the customer’s request, these springs were supplied at an expedited delivery of 3 weeks.
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Piping Technology & Products, Inc. designed and manufactured two custom built variable spring assemblies using heavy duty spring coils and fabricated hardware components.
The loads, as specified by the customer, were greater than the maximum operating loads for our largest (PT&P size 220) standard variable springs. In order to meet the customer’s requirements, a custom variable spring was designed and fabricated using a larger spring coil normally used only in constant spring assemblies.
The specially fabricated variable spring was 20 in diameter with a standing height of 51 and the hanging components (rod, turnbuckle, clevis) were 3 1/2 diameter pieces. The spring rate was 3232 lb./in. All the pipe hanger assembly components were made from carbon steel.
The installed (cold) load was 58,000 lbs. and the operating (hot) load was 61,700 lbs. The calculated movement from cold to hot was 1 1/8 down. The variable spring was tested in the load cell to insure proper operation and also to set the cold load to the specifications provided by the customer.
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