PT&P manufactured cryogenic pipe saddles for LNG transportation pipelines. These types of insulated supports have been utilized in LNG plants around the world. Insulated supports are also used on cold piping in semiconductor plants or plants that make batteries to eliminate condensation.
A cold shoe is a pipe support used for cryogenic applications where the transfer of cold temps from the pipeline to the surrounding steel pipe rack is not desirable. These supports can be used for temperatures down to -320° Fahrenheit. This particular type of insulated pipe saddle assembly was fabricated with a carbon steel base plate, 304L stainless steel saddle, and an insulation block. The overall size ranges from 25” x 19” x 12-¾” to 29” x 25” x 13-3/8”. These pipe shoes were manufactured to support pipe sizes ranging in diameter from 36″ to 42″ NPS.
For this job, our client was a new entrant into the LNG engineering and design market space, and this was one of their capstone projects internally and for the marketplace. Given PTP’s long history and experience concerning LNG pipe supports, we served as strategic partners in the engagement. We identified that the client was using a pre-existing standard that underestimated the amount of Micarta® insulation thickness needed to provide adequate insulation for the facility.
PT&P engineers recognized that the insulation was not sufficient, and we tested the existing design using a test fixture we developed to demonstrate our concern. PT&P utilized thermal scanning (infrared technology) to measure temperature at various locations around the insulated pipe support. As a result of our tests, our client corrected the concern, saving dollars, man hours, and scheduled project completion.
Our work with facilities such as these are a great example of our commitment to providing clean, affordable energy to the world.
PT&P supplied “on-time delivery” of two industrial structural steel pipe racks and the accompanying pipe spools that would be attached to storage tanks measuring approximately 120 ft. in diameter and over 85 ft. tall. Pre-Engineered Pipe Racks attached to storage tanks are used in a wide range of industries from Waste Water Treatments plants, Community Water Storage Tanks, to Above Ground Storage Tanks used in Refineries, Natural Gas, and Petrochemical plants.
PT&P leveraged its breadth of manufacturing and engineering capabilities to reduce costs for its client in the deployment of this Pipe Rack. Our focus was to complete as much work as possible in our production facility, where costs are typically far lower than in the field. We made adjustments to the design to aid in-field deployment to minimize total overall costs. This project also leveraged our capabilities with structural steel, pipe spools, TPI, and insulation. We have all of these capabilities in-house, which made it easy to fabricate the complex structures in this project.
Each pipe rack had an overall dimension of 12 ft. wide and 113 ft. tall and was fabricated from carbon steel. Due to the overall length, each frame was fabricated in two sections in our shop in order to transport each to the job site. Additionally, each frame was provided with lifting lugs designed by PT&P to facilitate both, the transporting of each frame half-section and the subsequent vertical lift of each completed unit. Each pipe rack was fitted with 9 pipe spools ranging in diameter from 2″ to 12″ (6 were insulated pipe spools, and 3 were non-insulated pipe spools). The pipe material used to fabricate the pipe spools were SA-53, SA-106, and SA-333.
Six of the pipe spools were supplied pre-insulated. At the ends of each section of the pipe spool, there were bare sections of pipe where PT&P Field Service would later perform “tie-in welds” in the field.
After completing shop fabrication, the pipe racks were prepared to be transported to the job site location for final assembly before installation by PT&P Field Services. This consisted of bolting the two halves of the pipe rack together and completing the “tie-in welds” at each pipe spool connection. All of the “tie-in welds” were examined and verified by X-ray analysis. After completion of all the “tie-in welds”, PT&P Insulation Department installed insulation in the field on the 6 pipe spools requiring insulation at these connection points.
Each section of the pipe spool was supported from the top of the rack by a rigid rod hanger also supplied by PT&P. Rod hanger assemblies are round steel bars normally threaded and used to connect other components, such as pipe support hardware, to make a pipe hanger assembly. PT&P’s field service team installed the main pipe rack with seven pipe spools each over 86 ft. long on large storage tanks. The pipe spools were positioned on the pipe rack steel using special U-bolts to “guide” the piping.
U-bolts are u-shaped rods with threaded ends that fit around a pipe and are attached to a supporting member. These U-bolts were coated in plastic to prevent corrosion between the pipe and the U-bolt material. Additionally, Thermal Plastic Isolators (TPI) were also used to prevent corrosion between the pipe rack steel and the pipe spools. TPI can be customized in height, width, length of TPI, hole sizes, hole locations, and special shapes.
Also installed on the Insulated pipe spools were FRP wear pads that rested on the thermoplastic Isolator. FRP is also known as non-metallic wear pads, which are used for corrosion protection for uninsulated piping systems to extend the life of the pipe.
After assembly by PT&P Field Service, each complete unit was lifted vertically into position and bolted to the storage tank at the “tank connection points.” This demonstrates our ability to provide rare expertise in all facets of project management including planning, engineering design, logistics, and job site management.
We have a fully diversified operation that is customizable based on your unique needs. If you just need stock supports and standard items, we can provide them very quickly. Our engineering team can help find the best support(s) for your application. Or our field service team can inspect your pipeline conditions and recommend the best solutions. Our team also regularly completes installations and conducts on-site project management. We are your one-stop shop for pipe supports, insulated supports, expansion joints, vibration solutions, pipe stress analysis, and more.
Floor mount Support Modules utilize a 1/4" steel base plate to clamp, bolt, or weld instrument assemblies directly to a wall or beam. These Primary Modules can be used independently or together with Secondary Modules to construct a universal support package for any instrument in any position. These units were furnished with a hot-dipped galvanized finish to protect against corrosion. We can also provide other finishes such as painted or powder-coated. Instrument stands are used in almost any plant that utilizes process instrumentation such as flow meters, pressure, and temperature sensors, and other instruments used to monitor processes both onshore and offshore. PT&P also offers a complete line of adjustable instrument support components which, when combined, will create various configurations to your exact requirements or individual needs. In addition, we can also provide customized instrument supports fabricated from 304 SS or other materials according to your company’s specifications. We have supplied instrument stands for coker units, LNG, and refinery facilities. For additional information about our Instrument Support Stands, please click on the following link: PT&P Instrument Supports Catalog
In these times of supply chain considerations and challenges on major projects, we’ve consistently been the best partner to ensure timely design, production, and delivery of project needs on any scale with the largest range of products and services throughout your piping systems. Along with being a proven supplier on multi-billion dollar projects, we also work hand in hand with single-plant turnaround needs every day.
9″ Total Travel at 979°F | Operating Load 6,183 lb.
Hydro tested at 6,744 lb.
These 200 U-Type constant spring supports with slide plates were designed by PT&P for a plant in Texas. They are fabricated from A36 carbon steel with an HDG finish and are typically designed for vertical movement only. However, when there is lateral or axial movement in the piping system, slide plates can be used in conjunction with these constants. In this instance, graphite slide plates are bolted to the constant’s load flange and used with an upper slide plate manufactured from 304 stainless steel with a mirror finish. The upper slide plate can be welded to the base of a pipe shoe, trunnion, or the saddle of a pressure vessel. Each of the constant spring dimensions are 35-7/16″ in height and 75-3/4″ in length. They are designed for a piping system with 9″ of total travel at 979°F and an operating load of 6,183 lb. Each of these units were load tested to meet the hydro test load of 6,744 lb. before shipment.
Products such as these are used in many different kinds of plants all over the world including refineries, renewable diesel plants, chemical plants for operations such as propane/propylene splitter units, and power plants. We have the ability to custom design and manufacture constants for specific loads and various environmental conditions. A point to note, we provided similar constant spring supports supporting loads over 150,000 lb. for crude oil processing at one of the largest refineries in the world just last year (view this project). Petroleum refineries change crude oil into products such as jet fuel, gasoline, polypropylene, polyethylene, propane, sulfur, carbon black feed, and diesel that can be used for transportation, heating, feedstocks for making other chemicals, generating electricity, renewable energy, and paving roads. Constants use a spring coil (or series of coils) to accommodate pipe movement from the initial (installed) condition to the final (operating) condition of the piping system. For all constant spring supports there is no difference in load and the supported load will remain uniform throughout the deflection cycle. Learn more about constant spring supports
Operating Loads: 9,320 lb. to 28,2000 lb.
Spring Rates 4,700 lb./in. & 5,320 lb./in
| Hot-dipped Galvanized Carbon Steel
Load & Travel Test | Q.C. Inspection
These variables were supplied to an overseas LNG facility where accessibility is limited due to the remote location in the facility as well as the plant itself. Products shipped must be very dependable and long-lasting because of the difficulty of shipping to this location. Variables use coiled springs to support a load and allow movement. The resistance of the coil to a load change during compression, which is why these devices are called “variables”. We offer a variety of different designs of variable spring pipe supports. PT&P with its long-standing history and experience has set up optimized manufacturing to offer an unparalleled set of customization options with minimal impact on delivery timeframes to support JIT deliveries and help manage cash flows on such large capital-intensive projects. In addition to our standard (hot-dipped galvanized, neoprene coated spring coils) variable spring supports, we can customize our springs to accommodate special materials, finish, dimension, load, load adjustment, travel, and travel stops, as well as provide sensors for remote monitoring.
Given the shift in global LNG production due to volatile political situations outside the US, the US has become the largest exporter of LNG this year globally. US LNG exports will continue to grow because of increased LNG export capacity, increased international natural gas and LNG prices, and increased global demand, especially in Europe.
During the initial build out in LNG globally in the late 1990s/early 2000s, PTP provided the platform to its customers and their clients for extensive innovation concerning all phases of development concerning pipe supports for LNG plants and terminals starting with product design, testing, material, and climate considerations. As the “thought leaders” in product design, we helped develop and produce the now most commonly used cryogenic supports utilizing G-10 insulation. As LNG capital projects return to the US, you can count on PTP to provide an unparalleled track record and expertise to move your LNG projects along safely in a timely cost-effective manner to meet world energy needs.